The news was revealed via UFC Tonight on Tuesday evening from UFC President Dana White.
The card will be Feb 2, 2013 and is expected to take place in Las Vegas.
Aldo returns to action following a motorcycle accident that sidelined him from his scheduled bout in October at UFC 153. The featherweight champion last competed in January with a knockout win over Chad Mendes at UFC 142.
By the time he returns in February, it will have been more than a year since the champion has competed and he has a tough test ahead of him.
Former UFC lightweight champion Frankie Edgar will drop down to 145lbs and get an immediate shot at Aldo in his first fight at featherweight.
Edgar dropped back-to-back fights to Benson Henderson in 2012 as he lost his UFC lightweight title, and the subsequent rematch despite outcries of bad judging costing him at least the second fight.
Now the New Jersey native will look to add another gold belt to his resume when he faces Jose Aldo in February at UFC 156.